Short hair also lends itself very well to finger waving.
Here's a great tutorial for quick and easy finger waves:
Pin-curling is also great for short hair that may be too short to put rollers in properly. Here's a fantastic tutorial from Super Kawaii Mama:
Once curls have been achieved you can style your hair in a number of styles from victory rolls (which I find easier with short hair)
Casey from Casey's Elegant Musingsor the pompadour (with the help of a hair fringe insert if you have a short fringe like me)
And finally I searched for inspiration from fellow bloggers:
Bex from Subversive Lesbian Anarchic Femme